The Republic of South Sudan became an independent nation in 2011. Following 40 years of civil war over a 50 year period between 1955 and 2005, a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed agreeing to a 7 year interim period which ended with the secession of South Sudan in 2011. There has been continued internal conflict within South Sudan since December 2013 as a result of disagreements among the political leaders of the country. These conflicts have resulted in the displacement of approximately 3.5 million people.
As a result of the prolonged period of civil unrest, South Sudan lags significantly behind the rest of the world in standard markers of development. For example, the UN (Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sudan 2010) reports that:
- Only 1.9% of children complete primary school
- More than 90% of the population in Southern Sudan currently live on less than 1 dollar per day
- A 15 year old girl has a higher chance of dying in childbirth than completing school
Project J943N Timpir Quality Schools supports schools in two rural communities, Waramoth and Mabok. These schools were identified while they were operating as ‘under-tree’ schools (Waramoth in 2007 and Mabok in 2010). Timpir has been supporting them through providing teacher salaries, support for building traditional school infrastructure, and broader community education (with parents and elders) about the benefits of educating children at the expense of losing them from household labour. This project will assist these 2 schools to provide education to over 1300 students in Years 1-8. The schools have gained a reputation of enabling students to achieve significant academic outcomes, with students frequently topping the state in the national Certificate of Primary Education. The project will also provide teaching materials (i.e. chalk, blackboards, text books, exercise books and pencils), which can only be obtained in major cities. Timpir has also previously supported the two communities in the construction of basic weather-proof school buildings. However, the communities are now mostly self-reliant in maintaining and developing these school buildings which are built from locally available materials. In addition, Timpir assists with a nutrition program at the two schools during months when famine is a significant issue (i.e. June, July, August).